When and Where
According to Sanathana Dharma, when someone dies, their spirit roam around in pursuit of “Moksha.” Since the soul leaves the body after death, it cannot attain Moksha in this world with a human body, which is made up of five elements. The reason for this is because of attachments to family, affections, relatives, and friends, among other things, in which the soul does not achieve complete freedom. As a result of its absence of a body, it experiences pain. So, if the dynasty’s heir performs Pind Danam in (1) Varanasi , (2) Prayag Raj and (3) Gaya, the wandering soul will find a place in heaven and bless the family for reaching the soul in peace heaven.
Pind Pradan is a well-known ritual in Kashi, Prayag, and Gaya, and it is said to be the only way to free the Atma from the reincarnation cycle. The first and second days at Kasi’s Ganga Teeram: Pind Daan in Varanasi is a religious and spiritual practise that aids in restoring tranquilly to restless deceased souls, according to our Hindu scriptures.
Places of Conducting Pindapradaanam
Varanasi : Varanasi Pind Daan Once in a year in the month of Ashwin there is special fifteen days that falls in the month of October known as Pitru Paksha when every one whose parents have passed away can offer pind daan at Varanasi, Gaya and Prayag raj also. . It is believe that first you should start with Kashi or Varanasi where pisach mochan temple is located for the pind daan, after the bathing at the pond people offer the pind daan in Kashi Varaassi and then at Ghat on the sore of the river Ganges.
The Ganges is regarded as a sacred river by Hindus along its whole length. Hindus bathe in the river’s waters all along its path, paying tribute to their forefathers and gods by cupping the water in their hands, lifting it, and letting it fall back into the river; we present flowers and rose petals, and float small clay dishes filled with oil and lit with candles (diyas). They bring little amounts of river water with them on the way home from the Ganges for use in rituals; Ganga Jal, literally “Ganges water.” The Resurrection of the Dead.
On the banks of the Ganges in Varanasi, preparations for cremations. Bathed, clothed, and covered with wood, the deceased are being prepared for burial. The people trust “Whoever dies in the Ganges rivers obtains heaven,”
Because the Ganges descended from heaven to earth, she is also seen as a means of ascension from earth to heaven. She flows in heaven, earth, and the netherworld as the Hindu tradition’s Triloka-patha-gamini (Sanskrit: triloka= “three lokams ,” patha = “road,” gamini = “one who journeys”), and is therefore a “tirtha” or crossing point of all beings, living and dead. The Story of the avatarana is recited at Shraddha ceremonies in Hinduism for the deceased, and Ganges water is used in Vedic rituals after death for this reason. None of the hymns dedicated to the Ganga are more popular than those that reflect the worshipper’s longing to die surrounded by her waters. The Ganga satakam strongly expresses this longing:
O Mother! … Necklace adorning the worlds!
Banner rising to heaven!
I ask that I may leave of this body on your banks,
Drinking your water, rolling in your waves,
Remembering your name, bestowing my gaze upon you.
Varanasi, the Great Cremation Ground, or Maha smashana are the places along her banks that Hindus yearn for when they die. Those who are fortunate enough to die in Varanasi are cremated on the Ganges’ banks and receive immediate salvation. If the death occurred elsewhere, the ashes can be immersed in the Ganges for salvation. If the deceased’s ashes have been immersed in another body of water, a relative can still obtain salvation for the deceased by travelling to the Ganges and performing the Shraddha rites, preferably during the lunar “fortnight of the ancestors” in the Hindu calendar month of Ashwin (September or October ie Pitru paksham)
Pinda pradana, a rite for the dead, involves offering rice and sesame seed balls into the Ganga River while reciting the Gotra Naamas of deceased and his ancestors. According to one legend, each sesame seed in each of the balls so offered guarantees each relative a thousand years of celestial redemption. Indeed, the Ganga is so essential in post-mortem ceremonies that one of the Mahabharata’s most prominent lokas states, “If merely (one) bone of a (dead) person touches the Ganges water, that person shall dwell honoured in heaven.” The Kashi Khanda, as if to demonstrate this axiom (Varanasi Chapter)The amazing narrative of Vahika, a wasteful and unrepentant sinner who is murdered by a tiger in the forest, is told in the Skanda Purana. Yama, the Lord of Death, summons his soul to be judged for the after life. Vahika’s soul is immediately consigned to hell due to his lack of compensatory virtue. While this is going on, vultures are picking at his body on Earth, and one of them flies away with a foot bone. Another bird pursues the vulture, and in the process of fending him off, the vulture throws the bone into the Ganges below. Vahika, on his journey to hell, is rescued by a celestial chariot, which transports him to heaven instead.
Prayag Raj : Pind daan at Triveni Sangam where three rivers meet known as Ganga , Yamuna and Saraswati . Triveni Sangam is the confluence (Sanskrit: sangama) of three rivers that is a sacred place, with a bath here said to flush away all of one’s sins and free one from the cycle of rebirth.
Gaya: After Prayag Raj People usally leave for Gaya which is located in the eastern state of Bihar , where Vishnu Padam Temple, Phalguni river and Maha Gowri Temple are. according to the legend lord Rama with his bellowed wife Sita Perform Pinda dan for his father and ancestors. In Gaya, every lane, river, pond, tree and even stone has a story – often dating back to the mythological era. But the story that has been circulating in the streets of Gaya for the past year or two has been that of online pind daan. Perhaps it is because of the recent origin of this particular tale, that there is as yet little consensus on the narrative. Legend has it that a demon named Gayasur – after whom the town of Gaya is named – received a boon from Vishnu that the souls of the ancestors of a person who performs pind daan (a ritualistic offering) here, will attain mukti. In the eras that followed, Rama is believed to have performed pind daan for his father emperor Dasharath in Gaya. Yudhishthir, the eldest Pandava brother from Mahabharata is also said to have performed Pind Daan here. The practice continues. And especially during pitrapaksha mela, an 18-day period before Navratri – an auspicious period to offer pind daan – Gaya draws lakhs of people eager to do their duty towards their ancestors.